The keto diet is a low-carbohydrate, fat-rich eating plan that has been used for centuries to treat specific medical conditions. In the 19th century, the ketogenic diet was commonly used to help control diabetes. In 1920 it was introduced as an effective treatment for epilepsy in children in whom medication was ineffective. The keto diet has also been tested and also used in closely monitored settings for cancer, diabetes, and also Alzheimer’s disease.
The original therapeutic diet for pediatric epilepsy provides just enough protein for body growth and repair, and sufficient calories to maintain the correct weight for age and height. The classic therapeutic ketogenic diet was developed for the treatment of pediatric epilepsy. This classic ketogenic diet contains a 4:1 ketogenic ratio or ratio by weight of fat to combined protein and also carbohydrate. This is achieved by excluding high-carbohydrate foods such as starchy fruits and also vegetables, bread, pasta, grains, and also sugar while increasing. The consumption of foods high in fat such as nuts, cream, and butter.
Most dietary fat is made of molecules called long-chain triglycerides (LCTs). However, medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs)—made from fatty acids with shorter carbon chains than LCTs—are more ketogenic. A variant of the classic diet known as the MCT ketogenic diet uses a form of coconut oil, which is rich in MCTs, to provide around half the calories. As less overall fat is needed in this variant of the diet. A greater proportion of carbohydrates and also protein can be consumed, allowing a greater variety of food choices.
Keto Diet Sample meal plan for one day
|Egg with bacon
|Peanut butter ball
(serving size: 0.5 ounces)
(serving size: 1.3 ounces)
(serving size: 1.2 ounces)
“The purpose of the keto diet is to push your body into a state of ketosis, where the body uses fat stores instead of its preferred form of energy, which is glucose,” says Amy M. Goss, Ph.D., R.D., an assistant professor of nutrition sciences in the School of Health Professions at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Pros and Cons of Following a ketogenic Diet
- The major benefit of the keto diet is that it does work so you lose weight,” says Zarabi. “But then again, it is a diet, and like all diets. It is a short-term solution, something you do. Then you stop. It is not really a sustainable diet in real-life situations. More importantly, your goal is not just to lose weight—anyone can lose weight. The more necessary goal is to keep the lost weight off.”
- The keto diet can be an effective way to reduce excess body fat. But there are several cons that should be noted by anyone wanting to follow this eating plan, Zarabi says. In fact, the keto diet has serious risks. For one thing, it’s high in saturated fat. Which has been linked to heart disease. Additionally, nutrient deficiency and also constipation could occur since. The keto diet is very low in fibrous foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Liver problems for those with existing liver conditions could possibly worsen since the keto diet puts stress on the liver, and also kidney problems could also occur.
- If you are considering going on the keto diet, work with a knowledgeable practitioner or seek out a registered dietitian with experience in prescribing it and following you to avoid any adverse effects, Goss says.\
Food Avoid During Keto Diet
When you follow the diet, avoid high-carb foods like dried fruits, refined carbs, sweet sauces, and reduced-fat diet foods. These can provide too many carbs or not enough fat and inhibit ketosis. Also, limit your portions of healthy, higher-carb fruits, vegetables, and also grains. While you’re the expert on how your own mind and body feel, keep in mind that there are no long-term studies on the health effects of a keto diet.
What is the keto diet benefit?
For athletes, research on the keto diet highlights potential improvements in athletic performance, especially when it comes to endurance activities. A review published in October 2020 in Sports concluded that while the keto diet may help athletes reduce their weight and body fat, there is no conclusive evidence that the method of eating improves or harms health and performance.
If you’re looking to lose weight, one benefit the ketogenic diet may offer is appetite suppression. Very low-calorie ketogenic diets may help people who are overweight or have obesity reduce their BMI, decrease the circumference of their waist, and also lower levels of A1C, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and also blood pressure.
But when it comes to weight loss — One of the biggest keto selling points for many individuals. The benefits of the ketogenic diet may not be much different from any other diet plan. “There is no magical weight loss benefit that can be achieved from this diet,”
For individuals with diabetes, adopting a very low carbohydrate diet, such as the ketogenic diet, may offer some benefits when it comes to glucose management.
Is it safe to do the ketogenic diet?
For certain people, keto can pose health risks, so talk to your healthcare team first. Some groups that may want to avoid keto are anyone with an underlying health condition like diabetes, or pregnant or breastfeeding women. Those who don’t have a gallbladder, anyone with a history of an eating disorder, and also anyone taking prescription medication.
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